Hello, again. Last night, we had some thunderstorms. After the storm, the temperature and the humidity dropped, but it is still hot here. The heat advisory has been extended tomorrow. While waiting for the end of the heat wave, I thought a video about how to survive the heat wave would be good. A lot of the vocabulary used in this video is the same used in the ESL article for this week, but I added some below as well.
Like usual, I recommend you review the vocabulary and expressions below before watching the video. If there are any other words or expressions you have questions about, please leave a comment. Then look at the questions and try to listen to the video without the transcript to answer the questions. Listen again while reading along, and check your answers.
- retention= the ability to keep something
- reflect = to move in one direction, hit a surface, and then quickly move in a different and usually opposite direction
- to tend [to do something] = used to describe what often happens or what someone often does or is likely to do
- plenty = a large number or amount of something
- metabolic rate = how quickly you use calories (energy) from food
- spritz = to spray (something) quickly with a small amount of liquid
- drape = to cover (someone or something) with a cloth
- nauseous = feeling like you are about to vomit
- ventilated = has air moving, or circulating, through the place
- municipality = city
- strenuous = requiring or showing great energy and effort
- frequently = happens regularly or often, not rare
- round up = to gather
- Why is it important to stay cool during a heat wave?
- What foods and drinks should we avoid (not have) when temperatures are high? Why not?
- Name four places you can go during a heat wave to cool off.
- During what hours should you stay inside? When should you do strenuous activities?
How to Survive a Heat Wave
When the temperatures approach dangerous levels, you need to know how to keep cool to avoid heat-related illnesses, and even death.
You will need shade, sunscreen, a hat, lightweight, light-colored clothing, fluids, appropriate food, cool water, air conditioning, a pool or cooling center, and ice cream.
People who are on fluid-restricted diets or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a physician before increasing their consumption of fluids.
Step 1: Stay out of the summer sun. Find shade, and if you have to be in the sun, make sure you’re wearing sunscreen and a hat. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing to reflect heat and sunshine.
Step 2: Drink plenty of water, even if you’re not thirsty. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and sugary drinks, as these tend to dehydrate you.
Step 3: Avoid proteins and other foods that require an increased metabolic rate for your body to process. Increased metabolic heat production also increases water loss.
Step 4: Take cool showers or baths. Spritz yourself with cool water from a spray bottle, drape your head and neck with towels soaked in cool water, and soak your feet in cool water baths. Avoid extreme temperature changes which may make you feel nauseous or dizzy.
Step 5: Use an air conditioner or stay in well-ventilated rooms with fans if you don’t have air conditioning. Spend the hottest part of the day (11 AM to 4 PM) in air conditioned places such as movie theatres or shopping centers.
Step 6: Locate a pool or cooling center in your area if you live in, or near a larger city. Many municipalities use public libraries or other city buildings as cooling centers during heat waves.
Step 7: Avoid physical labor, exercise, or other strenuous activity during the hottest times of the day. If you have to perform strenuous activities, do them between 4 AM and 7 AM.
Step 8: Check on the elderly, children, and people with special needs frequently during a heat wave.
Now, go round up the neighborhood children, get some ice cream, and stay cool.
Did you know? During the summer of 1896, a heat wave that lasted for ten days killed almost 1,500 (fifteen hundred) people in New York.
- Why is it important to stay cool during a heat wave? To avoid heat-related illness (getting sick because of the heat) and death!
- What foods and drinks should we avoid (not have) when temperatures are high? Why not? Do not drink caffeine, alcohol, or sugary drinks because they will dehydrate you. Do not eat too much protein because your body has to work hard to process it.
- Name four places you can go during a heat wave to cool off. The pool, the public library, city buildings, shopping centers, and movie theatres were all mentioned.
- During what hours should you stay inside? When should you do strenuous activities? Avoid the outdoors between 11 AM and 4 PM. If you have to complete strenuous activity, try to do it between 4 AM and 7 AM (but that’s too early!).
Do you change your habits during heat waves? If yes, what do you do differently?